André J. Fabre
Modern anatomy is basically set on Greek or Latin words .: here are some examples
BONES from Greek osteon, osso hueso, are bones in mediterranean languages bone; bein ben and Knoch in Saxon languages)
cortex epiphysis, diaphysis, metaphysis: all Greek roots
condyle conylos is the fist which is comparable eminence of warts ..
marrow cf. greek muelos, "medulla cum Albis ossa medullis" (Virgil)
tuberosity is reference to plant masses
skull head karenon or Citadel
cockscomb crista galli overcomes cerebral surface of the cribriform plate of the brain
anvil bone can be derived from the includere, tighten with pliers?
ethmoid: "ethmos" : "bluter,""screen"
fontanel: possible relationship with fontanella, fountain
forehead : "frontis": many latin words refer to "forehead". Note that in Greek "metopon" means " border", hence … the metopic suture.
cribriform: cribrum is a screen. Note that "crino" is to sort
malar : in Latin "mala" means "cheek"
mastoid: shaped as a breast ("mastos") in Italian Spanish but in German, mastoid is "warzen", the areola...
maxillary jaw, from the French and Italian : " mascellare" : chew
nasal nose nostril. (In Plautus: "naso clamare": snoring)
occipital (ob caput) behind the head
orbit reference to orbis circle, orbita: wheel track
hyoid or "U" bone. Its parabolic shape is it is called in Greek "eidos", because it looks like a U
parietal bone reference to the parietal wall
pituita: phlegm soft secretion
sella: equestrian term. German: tukenattel, Italian sela turcica
sphenoid Greek sphen the corner identical meaning cuneate
temporal: tempus, tempel, schlafe in his Tempia, temples
mammillary Tuber : clear refrence…
testa is the head, from the name of vessel of clay or a brick or a tile. It can also be a shell, as Greeks used to vote
vomer: ploughshare, hence the German name pflugschar knochen
wormien refers to Olaus Wormius Copenhagen (1583-1654) who first described this bone of the skull device
incisors that cut
VERTEBRAE from Latin vertere "running"
atlas single mythological name in whole anatomical words ?
axis: it is the axle of a chariot
spine (alternate expression : rhachis) One of the meanings of Latin is the central axis of the spike grass. In Greek Racist is the backbone but also the cliff or rock of a hill.
lumbar , for Columella and Pliny lumbus is the lower part of the vine. Lumbulus for Apicius is a culinary term for kidney
The concept of neck, "collum" is recent word as the Roman costume never covered their neck
costa is attested in Pliny and Celsus. Costula is for Trabellius Pollio, a row of beads arranged in an arc
sternum Greek word "Sternon", breast, heart, feeling
thorax is the chest but also the armor. A thoracophire is one wearing a breastplate
xiphoid: in Greek, Xifias is a sword. For Pliny this is the name of a swordfish ... or a comet. It is also the name in ancient texts for some gladiolus or iris forms the shape of a short sword.
SHOULDER The shoulder is the scapula: in the shape of a spoon. We know shoulder, spalla, espalda. The Greek word for shoulder wmos brings
Glenoid found in the temporal bone, scapula and tibia is glhnh in Greek, the glenoid cavity. In old German and English, glena is the cavity where the bone is built. Note that Greek glenoid glhnh is the pupil of the eye ... and a jewel
clavicle bone is in the shape of a key, in German "schlussel bein" It is also the bone lousy
acromion is the top of the shoulder (akros ömos)
coracoid form of a raven (Korax)
humerus latin word for upper arm of the shoulder
radius: Latin, rod surveyor stake, wheel radius
ulna. Cubo means to be layer. In Petrone reponere cubuitum is get a table, the elders ate extensions with left elbow rests on the table. From the same root, the unit of measurement, angulated measuring approximately 44 cms
trochlea is the pulley. "Trochleis pituitam aducere" is for Quintilian (first century), cough with difficulty
olecranon: head of the bone of the forearm: wlenh is karhenon elbow, head
pugno fist wrist poignant, pugnacious
karpos carp is the result
phalanx is the fighter body greenhouse rank packed crowd
lunate trapezoid. The trapeze, trapeza is Greek table, stage counter
hamate sesamoid sesame seed
pollex thumb dig. Pollicem prenere is press your thumb on the index to approve. Pollicem vertere in Juvenal is asking the death of a gladiator in dirigean thumb against his chest. The thumb is a unit of length (1/12th Foot)
index finger indicator diGitum index (Horace) gustator (Hieronymus iècle IV) and salutaris to Suetonius
medius the middle finger
ring finger is for Isidore the digitus annularis. In Rome, the "Scalae annulariae" was the stair case ascending to the manufacturers of rings (8th region of Rome) (Suetonius)
Atrial minimus. This is the auricularis, which is clearly…the finger ear
PELVIS is a deep dish like patina and catinum. In late Latin Bassinum is a bowl
coccyx: In Greek kokkuc is the cuckoo, whose beak is curved. In Latin, cuculus is Pliny the name of a bird
acetabulum was a measure of capacity containing 0.26 liter
ischium: Ischia is hip, sciatica Ischias
ilium, iliac innominate bones (innominate line), anonymous, bones of the islands, Inca bone (the sixteenth century it was believed that, ischium was an ethnic brand), bone epactal. Other "innominés" cricoid and brachiocephalic artery, trigeminal nerve and lacrimal gland). ilia: Latin side. ilium is the intestine that comes from the Greek Eilein turn, convolutions. Islands: lower abdomen. The Greek name ilia, lapara, lagwn. Weichen German but English Italian, Spanish and French, we find the root "it." The hip bone is the bone of the islands. In fact, ileus refers to the ileal part of the intestine where the late occlusion effect. Note that in English, Italian and Spanish, the occlusion was the passion of the islands or in France the Miserere.
sacrum is the sacral bone, the bone bones sacer sacred ieron Ostein (mention in physician Caelius Aurelianus writer fifth century), the first sense it might be the song of choice for an offering to the gods?
obturator foramen inGerman plug hole verschkiessend
inguinal. Inguen is groine, flank, lower abdomen, or where the branch attaches to the trunk (Pliny). Note that the Latin botanical name of the vulva is inguinalis
hip : the word "thigh" drift coxa, hip, thigh. It was also a surveyor term designating an inside corner.Hip: Hüfte German, English hip, Swedish Höft
femur (or femen) the upper thigh, hip. (Plautus: femur icere: hitting your thigh ...)
trochanter trocazein turn
menisci menis just mhnh the moon. We can comment variously etymological relationship between lunar and rules (catamenial) The term crescent half moon. in a book marked the frontispiece
patella is the small spherical wheel (Ezekiel 16.12), pendant earrings, platen roller, trochee (metric feet)
popliteal just Poples the hock. Succisdre poplitem: vouper hock (Virgil)
gamba leg is the pastern of the horse (crotch and hip)
tibia bone flute originally used in theater and sacrifices. . Small tube and cannula (auliscus). Reed flutes which we did. Tibialis bands leggings (Suetonius)
fibula Peronatus in Persia 502 designates one who shoes leggings skin
ANKLE feet , pes
Astragalus term architecture (Vitruvius) Astragalizontes the players of bones in Pliny XXXIV 55
calcaneus calx heel, foot horses, bucking
malleoli small hammer button used to close the shoelaces (Isidore)
Scaphium scaphoid is the vase, basin and chamber pot (Juvenal Martial) and scaphula the nacelle, the ship ...
tarsus: Greek tarsos, rack, row, row rowing where the meaning of "flat foot"
toes: distant derivative articuus. Pliny, articularius is gout
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