Anatomy names


André J. Fabre

Modern anatomy is basically set on Greek or Latin words .: here are some examples

 BONES from Greek osteon, osso hueso, are bones in mediterranean languages bone; bein ben and Knoch in Saxon languages)

cortex epiphysis, diaphysis, metaphysis: all Greek roots

condyle conylos is the fist which is comparable eminence of warts ..

marrow cf. greek muelos, "medulla cum Albis ossa medullis" (Virgil)

tuberosity is reference to plant masses

skull head karenon or Citadel

cockscomb crista galli overcomes cerebral surface of the cribriform plate of the brain

anvil bone can be derived from the includere, tighten with pliers?

ethmoid: "ethmos" : "bluter,""screen"

fontanel: possible relationship with fontanella, fountain

forehead : "frontis": many latin words refer to "forehead". Note that in Greek "metopon" means " border", hence … the metopic suture.

cribriform: cribrum is a screen. Note that "crino" is to sort

malar : in Latin "mala" means "cheek"

mastoid: shaped as a breast ("mastos") in Italian Spanish but in German, mastoid is "warzen", the areola...

maxillary jaw, from the French and Italian : " mascellare" : chew

nasal nose nostril. (In Plautus: "naso clamare": snoring)

occipital (ob caput) behind the head

orbit reference to  orbis circle, orbita: wheel track

hyoid or "U" bone. Its parabolic shape is it is called in Greek "eidos", because it looks like a U

parietal bone reference to the parietal wall

pituita: phlegm soft secretion

sella: equestrian term. German: tukenattel, Italian sela turcica

sphenoid Greek sphen the corner identical meaning cuneate

temporal: tempus, tempel, schlafe in his Tempia, temples

mammillary Tuber : clear refrence…

testa is the head, from the name of vessel of clay or a brick or a tile. It can also be a shell, as Greeks used to vote

vomer: ploughshare, hence the German name pflugschar knochen

wormien refers to Olaus Wormius Copenhagen (1583-1654) who first described this bone of the skull device


 canines dog

 incisors that cut

 molars grind


 VERTEBRAE from Latin vertere "running"

 atlas single mythological name in whole  anatomical words ?

 axis: it is the axle of a chariot

 spine (alternate expression : rhachis) One of the meanings of Latin is the central axis of the spike grass. In Greek Racist is the backbone but also the cliff or rock of a hill.

 lumbar , for Columella and Pliny lumbus is the lower part of the vine. Lumbulus for Apicius is a culinary term for  kidney


The concept of neck, "collum" is recent word as the Roman costume never covered their neck


costa is attested in Pliny and Celsus. Costula is for Trabellius Pollio, a row of beads arranged in an arc

sternum Greek word "Sternon",  breast, heart, feeling

thorax is the chest but also the armor. A thoracophire is one wearing a breastplate

xiphoid: in Greek, Xifias is a sword. For Pliny this is  the name of a swordfish ... or  a comet. It is also the name in ancient texts for some gladiolus or iris forms the shape of a short sword.

 SHOULDER  The shoulder is the scapula: in the shape of a spoon. We know shoulder, spalla, espalda. The Greek word for shoulder wmos brings  

Glenoid found in the temporal bone, scapula and tibia is glhnh in Greek, the glenoid cavity. In old German and English, glena is the cavity where the bone is built. Note that Greek glenoid glhnh is the pupil of the eye ... and a jewel

clavicle bone is in the shape of a key, in German "schlussel bein" It is also the bone lousy

acromion is the top of the shoulder (akros ömos)

coracoid form of a raven (Korax)


humerus latin word for upper arm of the shoulder

radius: Latin, rod surveyor stake, wheel radius

ulna. Cubo means to be layer. In Petrone reponere cubuitum is get a table, the elders ate extensions with left elbow rests on the table. From the same root, the unit of measurement, angulated measuring approximately 44 cms

trochlea is the pulley. "Trochleis pituitam aducere" is for Quintilian (first century), cough with difficulty

olecranon: head of the bone of the forearm: wlenh is karhenon elbow, head


pugno fist wrist poignant, pugnacious

karpos carp is the result

cuboid, metacarpal

phalanx is the fighter body greenhouse rank packed crowd

pisiform peas

lunate trapezoid. The trapeze, trapeza is Greek table, stage counter

hamate sesamoid sesame seed

pollex thumb dig. Pollicem prenere is press your thumb on the index to approve. Pollicem vertere in Juvenal is asking the death of a gladiator in dirigean thumb against his chest. The thumb is a unit of length (1/12th Foot)

index finger indicator diGitum index (Horace) gustator (Hieronymus iècle IV) and salutaris to Suetonius

medius the middle finger

ring finger is for Isidore the digitus annularis. In Rome, the "Scalae annulariae" was the stair case ascending to the manufacturers of rings (8th region of Rome) (Suetonius)

Atrial minimus. This is the auricularis, which is clearly…the finger ear


trachea, trachlo

  PELVIS is a deep dish like patina and catinum. In late Latin Bassinum is a bowl

coccyx: In Greek kokkuc is the cuckoo, whose beak is curved. In Latin, cuculus is Pliny the name of a bird

acetabulum was a measure of capacity containing 0.26 liter

ischium: Ischia is hip, sciatica Ischias

ilium, iliac innominate bones (innominate line), anonymous, bones of the islands, Inca bone (the sixteenth century it was believed that, ischium was an ethnic brand), bone epactal. Other "innominés" cricoid and brachiocephalic artery, trigeminal nerve and lacrimal gland). ilia: Latin side. ilium is the intestine that comes from the Greek Eilein turn, convolutions. Islands: lower abdomen. The Greek name ilia, lapara, lagwn. Weichen German but English Italian, Spanish and French, we find the root "it." The hip bone is the bone of the islands. In fact, ileus refers to the ileal part of the intestine where the late occlusion effect. Note that in English, Italian and Spanish, the occlusion was the passion of the islands or in France the Miserere.

sacrum is the sacral bone, the bone bones sacer sacred ieron Ostein (mention in physician Caelius Aurelianus writer fifth century), the first sense it might be the song of choice for an offering to the gods?

obturator foramen inGerman plug hole verschkiessend

inguinal. Inguen is groine, flank, lower abdomen, or where the branch attaches to the trunk (Pliny). Note that the Latin botanical name of the vulva is inguinalis


hip : the word "thigh" drift coxa, hip, thigh. It was also a surveyor term designating an inside corner.Hip: Hüfte German, English hip, Swedish Höft

femur (or femen) the upper thigh, hip. (Plautus: femur icere: hitting your thigh ...)

trochanter trocazein turn

ischial spine


menisci menis just mhnh the moon. We can comment variously etymological relationship between lunar and rules (catamenial) The term crescent half moon. in a book marked the frontispiece

patella is the small spherical wheel (Ezekiel 16.12), pendant earrings, platen roller, trochee (metric feet)

popliteal just Poples the hock. Succisdre poplitem: vouper hock (Virgil)

gamba leg is the pastern of the horse (crotch and hip)

tibia bone flute originally used in theater and sacrifices. . Small tube and cannula (auliscus). Reed flutes which we did. Tibialis bands leggings (Suetonius)

fibula Peronatus in Persia 502 designates one who shoes leggings skin

 ANKLE  feet , pes

 Astragalus term architecture (Vitruvius) Astragalizontes the players of bones in Pliny XXXIV 55

 calcaneus calx heel, foot horses, bucking


 malleoli small hammer button used to close the shoelaces (Isidore)

 Scaphium scaphoid is the vase, basin and chamber pot (Juvenal Martial) and scaphula the nacelle, the ship ...

 tarsus: Greek tarsos, rack, row, row rowing where the meaning of "flat foot"


 toes: distant derivative articuus. Pliny, articularius is gout


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