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Cheiron the Centaur



André J. Fabre October 2012 

 Cheiron (also called Chiron) [1],is,  in Greek mythology, the centaur who bred Asclepius (Asclepius) and taught him the art of medicine.

 The Centaurs, "Men-Horses" were a savage people to monstrous aspect, horse torso torso and head of a man who lived, according to legend, Arcadia.

They were well known for their fearsome brutality and the story of the wedding of Pirithous, king of the Lapiths, the day the Centaurs got drunk and fled removing the bride. During the ensuing fight, the victory of the Lapiths against the Centaurs showed that civilization always manages to triumph over barbarism.

Another mythological story shows the Centaurs related death of Hercules, Hercules: it is one of their Nessus (or Nessus), which, after his fight against the god-hero, managed to convince the wife Deianira of Hercules, make him take the poisoned tunic which caused his death in horrible pain.

 Cheiron the Centaur

  Cheiron was its hybrid nature, half-horse, half man that his own father, Chronos, surprised by his wife when engendered Cheiron had had no alternative but to turn into a horse.

Thereafter, Cheiron was going to show any different from other centaurs: his wisdom and kindness were proverbial. It took Apollo art to practice medicine and Artemis knowledge of things of nature and worked to pass on his knowledge to his student-Asclepius Asclepius as well as Achilles, Jason, Palamedes and many other heroes.

His end was exemplary: seriously wounded by Hercules, he accepted death instead of the Titan Prometheus ceding their right to immortality.

 How Cheiron received custody of a child called Asclepius

 The birth of Aesculapius, according to mythological tradition, was prodigious: his mother, Coronis daughter Phlegyas king of the Lapiths, was sacrificed by Apollo who accused her infidelity, but before she died, she confessed being pregnant. So, Apollo took pity, began extracting womb the child to whom he gave the name of Aesculapius well deserved, "he that is born by incision" ....

Another version of the legend assured that the body was already on the funeral pyre lorsqu'Apollon realized that Coronis was pregnant and pulled his son from his mother's womb and flames. According to other stories, more realistic, Coronis have just given birth when she was in the company of his brother, visiting Epidaurus.

One thing is certain: Aesculapius after his birth was given to the wise centaur who taught him the science of medicinal plants and the art of healing diseases.

 Asclepius, Asclepius, the most brilliant students of Cheiron

 Aesculapius profited so much from the teachings of his master that he became the god of medicine and surgery, but then the time came, no longer limited to treating diseases and injuries, he began to raise the dead, which did not please Jupiter-Zeus intended to remain undisputed master of the destiny of men and struck Asclepius died ..

After his death, Aesculapius became an object of worship. A temple was dedicated to him at Epidaurus, where pilgrims were waiting for their healing in the midst of the sacred serpents, symbols of medical mystery.

As a god, Aesculapius had surrounded himself with a real mythological constellation where each and ... each had a well-defined function: Epione, his wife was "that relieves all evil"? Panacea, his daughter, was the goddess of health, Hygeia, another of his daughters, was the goddess of health, Swallowtail and Podalirios are famous for their devotion to the wounded of the Trojan War.

Last but not least, the last scion of the legendary family became the greatest physician of all time, Hippocrates.

 How Cheiron became the patron of Surgery...

  Cheiron was a very clever doctor: number of known medicinal plants Veterans him were doomed. They were, for the most part, vulnerary such great knapweed, the golden grass and Elecampane, different varieties of gentian Pelion, the land of the Centaurs and the tamier, grass "battered women" which had received the name "grape Chiron."

Cheiron was also a master in the art of surgery: should we recall the close connection between his name and that of the hand?

 The hand is said in Greek "Cheiros" so we can better understand how the "kheirourgos", who is good with his hands, could become ... the surgeon.

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Date de dernière mise à jour : 29/07/2013

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